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A brief history of heat pumps

It is only a relatively recent invention that modern heat pumps use mechanical technology. However, the principle of geothermal physics has been in use since antiquity. One example of this was the use of geothermal energy in hot springs to pump warm air in cool areas of China and Europe.

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The first heat pump was based on a technology that is still used today. William Cullen’s demonstration of artificial refrigeration in 1748 can be seen as the origins of the scientific principle behind the heat pump. Lord Kelvin is generally credited with the invention of the heat pump concept in 1852. Peter von Rittinger designed and constructed the first heat system in 1855-1857. It would be during the 1940s that Robert C. Webber invented the first ground-source heat pump. For Air Source Heat Pumps Gloucester, visit

Robert C. Webber was an American inventor who came up with the concept for a ground-source heat pump while he experimented with freezing. He accidentally burned his hands when he touched the cooling system’s outlet pipes. So he decided to reverse the mechanics. He connected the outlet pipes from a refrigerator to a water heater, and because the fridge was constantly producing excess heat, he attached the heated water into a loop.

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Webber then used a small blower to push the warm air into the building. He built a heat pump for his home after he realised that his invention worked. Copper tubing was buried with freon gas pumped through, capturing the heat from the earth. Gas was condensed and heated in the cellar. The gas was then forced through the coil into the ground to pick up a new load.

Heat pumps today are the most efficient heating systems on the market. They can reduce your energy costs and carbon footprint dramatically. These systems are an excellent way to heat a porperty and generate hot water while saving money and precious earth resources.

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